Newborns may have hidden medical conditions and when left unattended early may lead to serious illness during their growing years. The newborn screening test is taken 48 hours after the child’s birth to mitigate risks. The screening is essential to check for serious and rare treatable conditions before they turn into serious damage. The baby can be born with a condition even if it is not in the family history. Early detection can improve the quality of life of the baby to lead a normal and healthy life. Changes in diet or timely treatment can save the child from serious diseases.
New Born Screening
The newborn screening is done between 48 to 72 hours of birth. The parents have to get the test done before they leave the hospital. Though, babies who have not taken these tests can opt for one even in their present age.
A newborn screening test is safe and simple. It can be completed in a few steps. First, the samples are collected. Best practices are followed for the best outcome to help babies get a right start. Not all babies test positive, but there is a small percentage that show positive symptoms. Parents often feel apprehensive when the baby is pricked for the samples. Sometimes repeated samples are requested, though this does not mean that the baby has a condition.
Interpreting the test Reports
The report is your ticket to the healthy tomorrow of your baby. The test results give parents the guidance to provide the best care to their baby. The reports are available the next day. The reports can be collected offline or online. There are two possibilities of the test results.
- No abnormalities are shown for screened conditions, meaning the baby is healthy or chance of risk for one or more conditions; though it does mean that the baby does not have any particular condition.
- Testing positive for any one condition means a high risk of a medical condition. Additional tests may be required to confirm the condition.
Newborns are screened for over 50 conditions and the most prominent are listed below:
Faulty haemoglobin due to a genetic disorder. This includes diseases like sickle cell, Thalassemia, etc.
The disorder causes excessive or poor hormonal secretion. This includes conditions like Hypothyroidism.
This disorder affects the metabolism of carbohydrates. This includes conditions like lactose intolerance.
Inborn Errors of Metabolism
It is one more genetic condition that affects the metabolism
A change in diet or medication can cure the babies diagnosed with the condition but it is not completely curable. Though, early intervention can reduce the severity of the condition.