Women are exposed to health hazard due to their genetic makeup and social responsibilities. Though, the good news is Indian women have a better life expectancy rate than men, in the ratio of 69.6:66.4 according to an Average Life Span Expectancy Chart between the period 2010-2014. Despite the fact that women are exposed to higher stress levels, particularly the urban women resulting in lifestyle diseases and ill-threatening conditions.
Most Indian women cater to the welfare of the family, forgetting about their own well being. They are muted on healthcare awareness and approach a doctor only when they fall sick. Today, women travel places to work and as part of the employee welfare programme most companies offer annual health checkup at subsidized rates for women. Moreover, best diagnostic centres in Chennai have tied up with medical insurance companies allowing free master health checkup annually for their policyholders. With the growing awareness, women are embracing healthcare diagnosis to lead a healthy and long life.
Studies have revealed that full body checkup in Chennai can keep you away from clinics and hospitals for a year. During health checkups, doctors offer valuable medical consultation and examine the patients for potential diseases. The chances of evaluating an unknown condition are prominent, leading to quick treatment and recovery. Medical examinations are conducted based on the age and pre-existing health conditions of a woman.
Important Women’s Health Checkup list
Some of the tests significant for women above 20 years are as follows:
Bone screening is done to test the strength of the bones. The bone mineral density tests help check for osteoporosis, it is a medical condition where bones become fragile due to vitamin D and calcium deficiency. The tests are conducted for women above 50 years. Women lose 30% of bone mass in seven years post menopause. It is time to check for history of fractures and osteoporosis. DXA tests are taken to predict the bone density. X ray scans are taken for the spine, wrist and hips. The doctor recommends NTX test if the density is low. Urine test measures the rate at which bone mass is being lost.
Pap smear test is primarily to detect cervical cancer in women. Visiting a gynecologist at least once in a year for pap smear tests is crucial. WHO says cervical cancer is the second highest type of cancer in women across the globe. The condition is mostly related to sexually transmitted diseases, particularly papillomavirus (HPV). Doctors also examine the uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries for polyps, cysts and other masses. HPV vaccinations are available for girls between the ages of 9-26 years.
Eye checkup is must for women above 40 years. A thorough checkup for conditions like cataracts, vision changes and glaucoma is advised. Women who stand a high risk for eye diseases include those with family history, eye injury in the past, high blood pressure, diabetes and regular use of steroids. General eye checkup every two years is important for those between 50-65 years of age.
HIV tests are crucial for women who are sexually active. It is one of the leading causes of death across women in the age group of 15-44 years. The tests include STIs like herpes simplex, syphilis, gonorrhea, hepatitis B or Chlamydia.
Breast examination for distortions, swelling, lumps and other disorders can help in detecting breast cancer. It is a primary cancer killer among women between 20-59 years says WHO. Mammography should start at the age of 35-40. If you have a family history of breast cancer, it is important to start screening early. The American Cancer Society informs that 95% of the women are diagnosed at an early stage and the recurrence does not happen for the next five years.
Bowel Cancer is another common condition and with early detection there is early recovery. The stool poop is checked for blood. Women over 50 years are required to test once in two years. There are home bowel testing kits also available.
BMI test is useful to find out if the patient has the risk of lifestyle diseases like diabetes and hypertension and take all the precautions necessary
Test for cholesterol should be taken from the age of 20 to manage the risk of heart diseases at a later stage. Women who smoke or take alcohol should go for regular cholesterol checkup at least once in a year. Even people with no family history of heart disease or do not smoke also should review their cholesterol levels regularly after the age of 50 or even sooner.
Diabetes test without any symptoms could result in Type 2 diabetes. Test has to be taken every year for fasting glucose levels from the age of 18 years.
Colonoscopy is to detect colorectal cancer without any symptom. The disease is 90% curable. The first colonoscopy can be taken at the age of 50. If you have family history of colorectal cancer, you should start the test 10 years earlier.